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Evaniidae

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Type data
Taxonomic history
Evaniidae: (original description)
Details
Name: Evaniidae
Author, year:
ICZN Group: family
Original publication
Reference:not provided
Page validated on:For reference only, there is no concept of page priority in the ICZN.
Page of first occurance:
Record details
Last updator: Matt Yoder
Creator: Matt Yoder
Created on: almost 19 years ago
Last updated: 6 months ago
Synonyms

Tags
morphology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: larval biology and morphology

biology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:

host(s), by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:

in key, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: in key to Evanioidea of USSR

oviposition, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: oviposition behavior

key to species, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:

catalog, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:

habitus, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:

locality record, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: recorded in Peru
ref: Aguiar, P. G., K. G. Raven, G. Lamas, and I. Redolfi. 1994.

diagnosed, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Al-Houty, W. 1989.

in table, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: in table of Hymenoptera taxonomy
ref: Al-Houty, W. 1989.

taxonomic note, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: in table of Hymenoptera taxonomy
ref: Al-Houty, W. 1989.

diagnosed, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Alayo Dalmau, P. 1972.

key to genera, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: key to genera of Cuba
ref: Alayo Dalmau, P. 1972.

wing venation, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: fig. 3D wing venation
ref: Alayo Dalmau, P. 1972.

biology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Askew, R. R. 1971.

biodiversity, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: evaniids collected in Mata Atlântica da Reserva Biológica de Duas Bocas
ref: Azevedo, C. O., and H. S. Santos. 2000.

diagnosed, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Baltazar, C. R. 1962.

biology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Baltazar, C. R. 1962.

in key, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: in key to Hymenoptera of the philippines
ref: Baltazar, C. R. 1962.

key to genera, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: key to the genera of the philippines
ref: Baltazar, C. R. 1962.

common name, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: common name ="ensign flies"
ref: Baltazar, C. R. 1962.

catalog, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: catalog of Philippine spp.
ref: Baltazar, C. R. 1966.

morphology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: antennal cleaner morphology
ref: Basibuyuk, H. H., and D. L. J. Quicke. 1995.

antennal cleaner, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: antennal cleaner morphology
ref: Basibuyuk, H. H., and D. L. J. Quicke. 1995.

phylogeny, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: fig. 9 in phylogeny
ref: Basibuyuk, H. H., and D. L. J. Quicke. 1997.

note, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Basibuyuk, H. H., and D. L. J. Quicke. 1997.

hamuli, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: 1568 [table 1 hamuli characteristics], 1569 [table 2 hamuli characteristics], 1579 [table 4 hamuli number]
ref: Basibuyuk, H. H., and D. L. J. Quicke. 1997.

grooming behaviors, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Basibuyuk, H. H., and D. L. J. Quicke. 1999.

phylogeny, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: 370 [fig. 7 in phylogeny], 372 [in phylogenies]
ref: Basibuyuk, H. H., and D. L. J. Quicke. 1999.

sensillum, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: multiporous plate sensillum
ref: Basibuyuk, H. H., and D. L. J. Quicke. 1999.

chemosensillum, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: table 2 chemosensilla characteristics
ref: Basibuyuk, H. H., and D. L. J. Quicke. 1999.

fossil, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: fossil taxa discussed, fossil history, family limits
ref: Basibuyuk, H. H., A. R. Rasnitsyn, M. G. Fitton, and D. L. J. Quicke. 2002.

synapomorphy, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: synapomorphies for family
ref: Basibuyuk, H. H., A. R. Rasnitsyn, M. G. Fitton, and D. L. J. Quicke. 2002.

fossil, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Basibuyuk, H. H., A. R. Rasnitsyn, M. G. Fitton, and D. L. J. Quicke. 2000.

evolutionary history, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Basibuyuk, H. H., A. R. Rasnitsyn, M. G. Fitton, and D. L. J. Quicke. 2000.

synapomorphy, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Basibuyuk, H. H., A. R. Rasnitsyn, M. G. Fitton, and D. L. J. Quicke. 2000.

phylogeny, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Basibuyuk, H. H., D. L. J. Quicke, A. P. Rasnitsyn, and M. G. Fitton. 2000.

sensillum, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: on orbiculum
ref: Basibuyuk, H. H., D. L. J. Quicke, A. P. Rasnitsyn, and M. G. Fitton. 2000.

orbicula, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Basibuyuk, H. H., D. L. J. Quicke, A. P. Rasnitsyn, and M. G. Fitton. 2000.

fossil, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Basibuyuk, H. H., M. G. Fitton, A. P. Rasnitsyn, and D. L. J. Quicke. 2000.

evolutionary history, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Basibuyuk, H. H., M. G. Fitton, A. P. Rasnitsyn, and D. L. J. Quicke. 2000.

synapomorphy, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Basibuyuk, H. H., M. G. Fitton, A. P. Rasnitsyn, and D. L. J. Quicke. 2000.

morphology, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: note on morphology, biology, European spp.
ref: Bürgis, H. 1989.

biology, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: note on morphology, biology, European spp.
ref: Bürgis, H. 1989.

common name, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: "Hüngerwespen"
ref: Bürgis, H. 1989.

biology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Benoit, P. L. G. 1952.

key to genera, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Benoit, P. L. G. 1952.

diagnosed, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Bischoff, H. 1927.

biology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Bischoff, H. 1927.

checklist, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: checklist of Israeli spp.
ref: Bodenheimer, F. S. 1937.

diagnosed, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Börner, C. 1919.

phylogeny, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: 146[in phylogenetic tree as (((Evaniidae, Chalcidoidea), Stephanidae),other “Parasitica� )], 154 [discussion of relationship to other parasitic Hymenoptera]
ref: Börner, C. 1919.

morphology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Bradley, J. C. 1908.

taxonomic history, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Bradley, J. C. 1908.

phylogeny, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: discussion of relationships
ref: Bradley, J. C. 1908.

common name, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: common name= "ensign-flies"
ref: Bradley, J. C. 1908.

wing venation, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Bradley, J. C. 1908.

fossil, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: table 2 number of Cretaceous (Turonian) fossils from Botswana
ref: Brothers, D. J., and A. P. Rasnitsyn. 2003.

biology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Brown, V. K. 1973.

catalog, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: catalog of tertiary species
ref: Brues, C. T. 1910.

biology, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: Evaniidae are primitive and therefore parasitize wood-boring insects (at least ancestrally)
ref: Brues, C. T. 1921.

phylogeny, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: some braconid subfamilies related to Evaniidae
ref: Brues, C. T. 1921.

taxonomic note, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: Evaniidae {referring to Gasteruptiidae and Aulacidae?} classified in Ichneumonoidea
ref: Brues, C. T. 1921.

in table, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: in table II
ref: Brues, C. T. 1933.

fossil, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: Baltic amber fauna compared to present fauna
ref: Brues, C. T. 1933.

checklist, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: checklist to Baltic amber spp.
ref: Brues, C. T. 1933.

key to species, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: Baltic amber spp.
ref: Brues, C. T. 1933.

fossil, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Brues, C. T. 1933.

in key, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Brues, C. T., and A. L. Melander. 1932.

host(s), by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Cameron, E. 1957.

diagnosed, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Cameron, P. 1887.

biology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Carlson, R. W. 1979.

catalog, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: spp. catalog for North America
ref: Carlson, R. W. 1979.

morphology, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: synapomorphy between Trigonalidae and Evaniidae
ref: Carmean, D., and L. Kimsey. 1998.

phylogeny, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: discussion of Evaniidae in Evaniomorpha
ref: Carmean, D., and L. Kimsey. 1998.

biogeography, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: note on biogeography
ref: Ceballos, G. 1966.

biology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Clausen, C. P. 1940.

note, by Andy Deans, over 17 years ago
notes: mentioned in key couplet for "Parasitica"
ref: Costa Lima, A. M. 1962.

wing venation, by Andy Deans, over 17 years ago
notes: and general morphology relating to diagnostic characters
ref: Costa Lima, A. M. 1962.

bibliography, by Andy Deans, over 17 years ago
notes:
ref: Costa Lima, A. M. 1962.

in key, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Cresson, E. T. 1887.

morphology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Crosskey, R. W. 1951.

phylogeny, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: disscussion of family limits
ref: Crosskey, R. W. 1951.

diagnosed, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Crosskey, R. W. 1951.

in key, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Crosskey, R. W. 1951.

biodiversity, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: collected in Eucalyptus
ref: Dall’Oglio, O. T., J. C. Zanuncio, C. O. Azevedo, and A. G. B. Medeiros. 2000.

biology, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: collected in Eucalyptus stand
ref: Dall’Oglio, O. T., J. C. Zanuncio, F. A. Freitas, and R. Pinto. 2002.

oviposition, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: summary of oviposition times and activity
ref: Deans, A. R., and L. M. Roth. 2003.

taxonomic history, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Deans, A. R., and M. Huben. 2003.

biology, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Deans, A. R., and M. Huben. 2003.

key to genera, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Deans, A. R., and M. Huben. 2003.

morphology, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: discussion of fossil taxa and morphology, note on “jugal� lobe
ref: Deans, A. R., H. H. Basibuyuk, D. Azar, and A. Nel. 2004.

fossil, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: discussion of fossil taxa and morphology
ref: Deans, A. R., H. H. Basibuyuk, D. Azar, and A. Nel. 2004.

jugal lobe, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Deans, A. R., H. H. Basibuyuk, D. Azar, and A. Nel. 2004.

biodiversity, by Andy Deans, almost 18 years ago
notes: two species recorded in Iraq
ref: Derwesh, A. I. 1965.

biology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: evaniid spp. specialize in “egg cases of a particular size"
ref: Deyrup, M., and T. H. Atkinson. 1993.

biodiversity, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: diversity related to cockroach fauna
ref: Deyrup, M., and T. H. Atkinson. 1993.

host(s), by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: evaniid spp. specialize in “egg cases of a particular size
ref: Deyrup, M., and T. H. Atkinson. 1993.

phylogeny, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: figs. 2-15 phylogenetic placement in, Apocrita
ref: Dowton, M., and A. D. Austin. 2001.

phylogeny, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: fig. 2 phylogenetic placement in Evaniomorpha
ref: Dowton, M., A. D. Austin, N. Dillon, and E. Bartowsky. 1997.

biology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Edmunds, L. R. 1953.

biological control, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Edmunds, L. R. 1953.

biology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: all spp. are solitary
ref: Edmunds, L. R. 1953.

biology, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: Evaniidae ancestrally were parasitoids, now specilaized egg predators
ref: Eggleton, P., and R. Belshaw. 1992.

key to genera, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Enderlein, G. 1905.

biology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: larval biology and morphology
ref: Evans, H. E. 1987.

in key, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: in key to larval Hymenoptera
ref: Evans, H. E. 1987.

larva, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: 609 [in key to larval Hymenoptera], 668-669 [larval biology and morphology]
ref: Evans, H. E. 1987.

grooming behaviors, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: description of grooming behaviors
ref: Farish, D. J. 1972.

biology, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: evaniids were collected in limestone caves
ref: Filho, D. Z., A. C. Ribeiro, G. C. Ribeiro, M. P. A. Fracasso, M. M. Pavani, O. M. P. Oliveira, S. A. D. Oliveira, and A. C. Marques. 2003.

biology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Fisk, F. W. 1987.

biology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: evaniids are primary predators on cockroach eggs in Australia
ref: Froggatt, W. W. 1906.

biology, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: stabilizing selection maintains ootheca specialization
ref: Futuyma, D. J., and G. Moreno. 1988.

biogeography, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: estimated 30 (+/- 10) spp. in Costa Rica
ref: Gaston, K. J., I. D. Gauld, and P. Hanson. 1996.

diagnosed, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Gauld, I. D., and B. Bolton. 1996.

biology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Gauld, I. D., and B. Bolton. 1996.

in key, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Gauld, I. D., and B. Bolton. 1996.

morphology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: 1405 [pronotal lobe morphology], 1410 [mesothoracic spiracle morphology], 1422-1423 [mesotrochanteral depressor morphology],
ref: Gibson, G. A. P. 1985.

phylogeny, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: sister group relationships and phylogenetic evidence
ref: Gibson, G. A. P. 1985.

pronotum, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: pronotal lobe morphology, presence of posterior pronotal inflection
ref: Gibson, G. A. P. 1985.

spiracle, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: mesothoracic spiracle morphology
ref: Gibson, G. A. P. 1985.

morphology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: mesotrochanteral depressor
ref: Gibson, G. A. P. 1986.

biogeography, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: review of spp. in Canada
ref: Goulet, H. 1994.

fossil, by Andy Deans, over 17 years ago
notes: evolutionary history discussed; Fig. 11.13 Dominican amber fossil
ref: Grimaldi, D., and M. S. Engel. 2005.

habitus, by Andy Deans, over 17 years ago
notes: Fig. 11.12 (Evaniella sp.?)
ref: Grimaldi, D., and M. S. Engel. 2005.

biodiversity, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: synopsis of Indian taxa
ref: Gupta, V. K., and S. Gupta. 1979.

diagnosed, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Györfi, J., and E. Bajári. 1962.

key to genera, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: key to the genera of Hungary
ref: Györfi, J., and E. Bajári. 1962.

biodiversity, by Andy Deans, almost 18 years ago
notes: collected in Benin
ref: Hautier, L., S. Patiny, A. Thomas-Odjo, and C. Gaspar. 2003.

key to species, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: key to European
ref: Hedicke, H. 1930.

catalog, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: world spp. catalog
ref: Hedicke, H. 1939.

in key, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Hedqvist, K. J. 1973.

metapostnotum, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: fig. 27 mesofurca-metapostnotum complex]
ref: Heraty, J. M., J. B. Woolley, and D. C. Darling. 1994.

mesofurca, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: fig. 27 mesofurca-metapostnotum complex]
ref: Heraty, J. M., J. B. Woolley, and D. C. Darling. 1994.

diagnosed, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Huben, M. 1995.

biology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Huben, M. 1995.

key to genera, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Huben, M. 1995.

morphology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: notes on mid-coxal articulation
ref: Johnson, N. F. 1988.

listed, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: in classification
ref: Keeling, C. I., E. Plettner, and K. N. Slessor. 2004.

in table, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: table 1. Hymenoptera classification
ref: Keeling, C. I., E. Plettner, and K. N. Slessor. 2004.

catalog, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: catalog of Baltic amber spp.]
ref: Keilbach, R. 1982.

fossil, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: catalog of Baltic amber spp.]
ref: Keilbach, R. 1982.

key to genera, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Kieffer, J. J. 1904.

checklist, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: species checklist for Africa
ref: Kieffer, J. J. 1910.

morphology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Kieffer, J. J. 1912.

biology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Kieffer, J. J. 1912.

key to subfamilies, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Kieffer, J. J. 1912.

morphology, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Königsmann, E. 1978.

biology, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: notes on morphology and biology
ref: Königsmann, E. 1978.

diagnosed, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Kozlov, M. A. 1988.

key to species, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: key to Russian spp.
ref: Kozlov, M. A. 1988.

biogeography, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: note on distribution of family in former USSR
ref: Kozlov, M. A. 1988.

key to genera, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Kozlov, M. A. 1988.

fossil, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: note on fossil spp., survived cold Tertiary
ref: Larsson, S. G. 1978.

host(s), by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: table 1 host records
ref: LeBeck, L. M. 1991.

biological control, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: note on biocontrol potential
ref: LeBeck, L. M. 1991.

checklist, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: checklist of Belgian spp.
ref: LeClercq, J. 1948.

checklist, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: spp. checklist
ref: LeClercq, J. 1953.

checklist, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: in checklist of Czech insects
ref: Lukás, J. 1992.

key to species, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: key to Austrian spp.
ref: Madl, M. 1989.

cataloged, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: in catalog of beneficial insects in Nicaragua, diagnosed
ref: Maes, J. M. 1989.

biology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: egg parasitization as link between Evanioidea
ref: Malyshev, S. I. 1966.

phylogeny, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: egg parasitization as link between Evanioidea
ref: Malyshev, S. I. 1966.

egg, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: egg shape
ref: Malyshev, S. I. 1966.

larva, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: description of larval instars after Genieys (1924)
ref: Malyshev, S. I. 1966.

checklist, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: checklist of Himalayan spp.
ref: Mani, M. S., S. Singh, V. K. Gupta, and H. N. Baijal. 1955.

biodiversity, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: in Goiás, Brazil
ref: Marchiori, C. H., and A. M. Penteado-Dias. 2002.

locality record, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: tables 1-2, collected in Araporã, Minas Gerais, Brazil
ref: Marchiori, C. H., M. H. O. Silva, B. M. C. Brito, O. M. S. Filho, and L. A. Pereira. 2003.

diagnosed, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Mason, W. R. M. 1993.

biology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Mason, W. R. M. 1993.

in key, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Mason, W. R. M. 1993.

wings, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: fig. b hind wing
ref: Mason, W. R. M. 1993.

habitus, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: 510 [figs. a,c habitus], 517 [fig. 188 habitus]
ref: Mason, W. R. M. 1993.

diagnosed, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Maxwell-Lefroy, H. 1909.

biology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Maxwell-Lefroy, H. 1909.

biology, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: all spp. are solitary
ref: Mayhew, P. J. 1998.

checklist, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: checklist of Nigerian spp.
ref: Medler, J. T. 1980.

ecology, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: listed as a resident of the tree ecological guild in Africa
ref: Moran, V. C., and T. R. E. Southwood. 1982.

diagnosed, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Naumann, I. D. 1991.

biology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Naumann, I. D. 1991.

in key, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Naumann, I. D. 1991.

biogeography, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: 930 [40 spp. in Australia], 941 [Australian fauna discussed]
ref: Naumann, I. D. 1991.

fossil, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: discussion of evaniids in amber
ref: Nel, A., A. Waller, G. Hodebert, and G. De Ploëg. 2002.

checklist, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: checklist of German spp.
ref: Oehlke, J. 1984.

biology, by Andy Deans, almost 18 years ago
notes: egg predators
ref: Oquendo, V. A., R. G. Mexzón, and J. M. Urpi. 2004.

diagnosed, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Pagliano, G. 1986.

biology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Pagliano, G. 1986.

in key, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Pagliano, G. 1986.

biodiversity, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: evaniids collected in Mata Atlantica region of Brazil
ref: Perioto, N. W., and R. I. R. Lara. 2003.

biology, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: evaniids collected in coffee plantation
ref: Perioto, N. W., R. I. R. Lara, A. Selegatto, and E. S. Luciano. 2004.

note, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: note on Hawaiian species
ref: Perkins, R. C. L. 1913.

diagnosed, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: diagnosed for amber specimens
ref: Poinar, G. O. 1992.

fossil, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: diagnosed for amber specimens
ref: Poinar, G. O. 1992.

listed, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Poole, R. W. 1996.

checklist, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: checklist of North American spp.
ref: Poole, R. W. 1996.

listed, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: listed
ref: Quicke, D. L. J. 1997.

biology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: table 5.2 pupation biology
ref: Quicke, D. L. J. 1997.

phylogeny, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: evidence against monophyletic Evaniodea]
ref: Quicke, D. L. J. 1997.

larva, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: table 5.2 pupation biology
ref: Quicke, D. L. J. 1997.

larval morphology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: table 6.2 rectal pad number
ref: Quicke, D. L. J. 1997.

pupa, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: table 5.2 pupation biology
ref: Quicke, D. L. J. 1997.

morphology, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: eaniids lack ovipositor steering mechanism(s)
ref: Quicke, D. L. J., and M. G. Fitton. 1995.

biology, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: evaniid larvae are parasitoids and predators of cockroach eggs
ref: Quicke, D. L. J., and M. G. Fitton. 1995.

morphology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: table 1 metal composition of mandibles and ovipositor
ref: Quicke, D. L. J., P. Wyeth, J. D. Fawke, H. H. Basibuyuk, and J. F. V. Vincent. 1998.

phylogeny, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: figs. 1A-B in phylogenies]
ref: Quicke, D. L. J., P. Wyeth, J. D. Fawke, H. H. Basibuyuk, and J. F. V. Vincent. 1998.

phylogeny, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Rasnitsyn, A. P. 1968.

phylogeny, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: evolution of evaniids and relationships to other Evaniomorpha
ref: Rasnitsyn, A. P. 1980.

listed, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Rasnitsyn, A. P. 1988.

phylogeny, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: fig. 2 in phylogeny
ref: Rasnitsyn, A. P. 1988.

taxonomic note, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: family defined
ref: Rasnitsyn, A. P. 1988.

evolutionary history, by Andy Deans, almost 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Rasnitsyn, A. P. 2000.

morphology, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: compared to Andreneliidae
ref: Rasnitsyn, A. P., and X. Martínez-Delclòs. 2000.

diagnosed, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Rey del Castillo, C. 1983.

biology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Rey del Castillo, C. 1983.

key to species, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: spp. key for Spain
ref: Rey del Castillo, C. 1983.

checklist, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: checklist to spp. Israel
ref: Richards, O. W. 1955.

phylogeny, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: (Evaniidae, (Cynipidae, Chacidoidea))
ref: Ridley, M. 1993.

diagnosed, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: Australian Fauna diagnosed
ref: Riek, E. F. 1970.

listed, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Roman, A. 1917.

phylogeny, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: 26 [fig. 5 phylogenetic placement], 27 [fig. 6 phylogenetic placement], 28 [fig. 7 phylogenetic placement], 29 [fig. 8 phylogenetic placement], 30 [fig. 9 phylogenetic placement], 31 [fig. 10 phylo...
ref: Ronquist, F. 1999.

biology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Roth, L. M. 1989.

ecology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: information on the ecological impact of evaniids on natural cockroach populations is lacking
ref: Schal, C., J. Y. Gautier, and W. J. Bell. 1984.

catalog, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: species catalog
ref: Schletterer, A. 1886.

diagnosed, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Schletterer, A. 1889.

morphology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Schletterer, A. 1889.

taxonomic history, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Schletterer, A. 1889.

wing venation, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: figs. 6b-c fossil evaniid stigma
ref: Schlüter, T., and W. G. Kühne. 1974.

fossil, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: fig. 6a fossil evaniid habitus, figs. 6b-c fossil evaniid stigma
ref: Schlüter, T., and W. G. Kühne. 1974.

habitus, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: fig. 6a fossil evaniid habitus
ref: Schlüter, T., and W. G. Kühne. 1974.

listed, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Schmiedeknecht, O. 1907.

listed, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Schmiedeknecht, O. 1914.

diagnosed, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Schmiedeknecht, O. 1930.

biology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Schmiedeknecht, O. 1930.

in key, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Schmiedeknecht, O. 1930.

listed, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Schwarz, M. 1994.

checklist, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: checklist of Czech spp.
ref: Sedivy, J. 1989.

biology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Sedivy, J. 1989.

phylogeny, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: fig. 2 phylogenetic placement, fig. 3 phylogenetic placement, fig. 8B phylogenetic placement
ref: Sharkey, M. J., and A. Roy. 2002.

wing venation, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: notes on wing venation characters
ref: Sharkey, M. J., and A. Roy. 2002.

biology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: evaniids (Evania) are the dominant predators of cockroach eggs, ootheca shell impenetrable so evaniid might use laterally compressed metasoma to enter through the keel and oviposit inside the ootheca
ref: Shelford, R. 1912.

oviposition, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: ootheca shell impenetrable so evaniid might use laterally compressed metasoma to enter through the keel and oviposit inside the ootheca
ref: Shelford, R. 1912.

metasoma, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: ootheca shell impenetrable so evaniid might use laterally compressed metasoma to enter through the keel and oviposit inside the ootheca
ref: Shelford, R. 1912.

biology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: note that evaniids probably use laterally compressed metasoma to enter through the keel and oviposit directly into a (or many) cockroach egg(s)
ref: Shelford, R. 1916.

oviposition, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: note that evaniids probably use laterally compressed metasoma to enter through the keel and oviposit directly into a (or many) cockroach egg(s)
ref: Shelford, R. 1916.

metasoma, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: note that evaniids probably use laterally compressed metasoma to enter through the keel and oviposit directly into a (or many) cockroach egg(s)
ref: Shelford, R. 1916.

biology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Short, J. R. T. 1978.

phylogeny, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: Evanioidea probably not monophyletic
ref: Short, J. R. T. 1978.

larval morphology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: larval morphology {based on Brachygaster minutus}
ref: Short, J. R. T. 1978.

diagnosed, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Skaife, S. H. 1954.

listed, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Skaife, S. H. 1954.

biology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Skaife, S. H. 1954.

biology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: evaniid eggs oviposited into cockroach eggs, with other eggs eaten after larva consumes first egg
ref: Smith, J. H. 1945.

oviposition, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: evaniid eggs oviposited into cockroach eggs
ref: Smith, J. H. 1945.

habitus, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: plate 172 dorsal habitus {E. appendigaster?}
ref: Smith, J. H. 1945.

catalog, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: catalog of Baltic amber spp.
ref: Spahr, U. v. o. n. 1987.

fossil, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: catalog of Baltic amber spp.
ref: Spahr, U. v. o. n. 1987.

key to species, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Spinola, M. 1840.

key to species, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: key to some indonesian species
ref: Szépligeti, G. 1908.

taxonomic history, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: note on "anal" lobe in wing
ref: Townes, H. K. 1949.

host(s), by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: "egg capsules of Blattidae"
ref: Townes, H. K. 1949.

phylogeny, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: dorsally attached metasoma acquired independently of other evanioids
ref: Townes, H. K. 1950.

metasoma, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: dorsally attached metasoma acquired independently of other evanioids
ref: Townes, H. K. 1950.

cataloged, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Townes, H. K. 1951.

biology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Townes, H. K. 1951.

listed, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Townes, H. K. 1958.

key to species, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Townes, H. K. 1958.

key to genera, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: key to local genera
ref: Townes, H. K. 1958.

in key, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Viereck, H. L. 1916.

key to genera, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Viereck, H. L. 1916.

cataloged, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: in catalog of European spp.
ref: Wall, I. 1994.

common name, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: common name=“Hungerwespen�
ref: Wall, I. 1994.

diagnosed, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Watanabe, C. 1934.

checklist, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: in checklist of Baltic amber fossils
ref: Weitschat, W., and W. Wichard. 1998.

fossil, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: 174 [note on spp. in Baltic amber], 186 [in checklist of Baltic amber fossils]
ref: Weitschat, W., and W. Wichard. 1998.

biology, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: 2 evaniids tested negative for Wolbachia
ref: Werren, J. H., D. Windsor, and L. Guo. 1995.

morphology, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Westwood, J. O. 1840.

biology, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Westwood, J. O. 1840.

listed, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Westwood, J. O. 1841.

oviposition, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: metasoma shape specialized for ovipositing into oothecae
ref: Westwood, J. O. 1854.

metasoma, by Andy Deans, about 18 years ago
notes: metasoma shape specialized for ovipositing into oothecea
ref: Westwood, J. O. 1854.

biology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Whitfield, J. B. 1992.

phylogeny, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: fig. 4 placement in Evaniomorpha
ref: Whitfield, J. B. 1992.

biology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Whitfield, J. B. 1998.

in table, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: in table 1
ref: Whitfield, J. B. 1998.

metapostnotum, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Whitfield, J. B., N. F. Johnson, and M. R. Hamerski. 1989.

common name, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: common name="ensign flies"
ref: Williams, F. X. 1931.

biology, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes:
ref: Wolcott, G. N. 1948.

catalog, by Daniele Swetnam, about 18 years ago
notes: catalog of Puerto Rican spp.
ref: Wolcott, G. N. 1948.


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